President’s Message 76(4)

Author : Lytton John Musselman

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Remembering…My Thirty Years with Castanea

Author : Audrey D. Mellichamp

Whatever will I do? For thirty years, I have been juggling 3 issues of Castanea at the same time.Our lives—mine and Castanea’s—had become ‘one.’ We ‘mutually benefited’ each other. Castanea published 4 issues each year;maintained its niche and improved its presence and quality. I was able to work at home and raise my daughter, managed …


Lost and Found: Remnants of the Big Savannah and Their Relationship to Wet Savannas in North Carolina

Author : W.A. Wall

Additional Authors : T.R. Wentworth, S. Shelingoski, J.M. Stucky, R.J. LeBlond, W.A. Hoffmann

ABSTRACT Conversion to agriculture and plantations, development, and fire suppression have reduced the extent of savannas in the southeastern United States, and there is a need to catalog and classify the remaining savannas for both restoration and resource management purposes. The Big Savannah was a wet savanna in North Carolina that was destroyed in the …


Community Analysis of Green Pitcher Plant (Sarracenia oreophila) Bogs in Alabama

Author : Terry Boyer

Additional Authors : Robert Carter

ABSTRACT Multivariate analysis of vegetation and environmental variables from green pitcher plant (Sarracenia oreophila) bogs in northeast Alabama revealed three communities with unique species compositions and soil characteristics. Discriminant analysis of environmental variables revealed that A-horizon percent N, A and B horizon pH, humus layer thickness, and B-horizon K (kg/ha) were significantly related to the …


Mode of Substrate Adaptation in Rock Outcrop Plants: Cyperus aristatus Rottb. and Cyperus granitophilus McVaugh

Author : Stewart Ware

Additional Authors : Susan E. Crow, Benjamin A. Waitman

ABSTRACT Most typical rock outcrop plants of the eastern United States occur either on calcareous or on non-calcareous outcrops, but not both. Often this is because their growth is inhibited in soil from the non-native substrate, as shown in this study for the granite outcrop endemic sedge Cyperus granitophilus when grown on limestone soil. For …


Forest Succession After 43 Years Without Disturbance on Ex-arable Land, Northern Florida

Author : Andre Clewell

ABSTRACT Forest vegetation near Tallahassee, Florida was inventoried on a former cultivated field, called NB66h, which had been abandoned 43 yr earlier. Subsequently, the site suffered no disturbance and no colonization by alien invasive species. The canopy consisted of pines (Pinus taeda, P. echinata) and hardwoods, primarily Liquidambar styraciflua, Quercus nigra. Most tree species were …


Evaluating Physiological and Growth Responses of Arundinaria Species to Inundation

Author : Mary Catherine Mills

Additional Authors : Brian S. Baldwin, Gary N. Ervin

ABSTRACT Dense stands of Arundinaria species, or canebrakes, once were a dominant landscape feature along floodplains of the southeastern United States. However, human activities have reduced canebrakes to fragmented remnants representing ,2% of their extent prior to European settlement. Canebrake restoration thus is a top priority for preserving and improving wetland biodiversity in the United …


The Relationship Between Soil Environmental Factors and Flowering Phenology in Two Sympatric Southeastern Gelsemium Species— Does Habitat Specialization Determine Differences in Flowering Time?

Author : John B. Pascarella

ABSTRACT Previous research has found significant differences in flowering time between sympatric, non-hybridizing populations of congeners in the genus Gelsemium (Gelsemium sempervirens and G. rankinii). An experimental approach using a common garden, reciprocal transplant experiments, and observations of natural populations were used to test the hypothesis that soil environmental variables (soil moisture and soil temperature) …


Noteworthy Collections — North Carolina 76(4)

Author : John B. Taggart

Additional Authors : Brenda L. Wichmann

Baccharis glomeruliflora Persoon (ASTERACEAE)— Pender County: collected in the southeastern lower coastal plain of North Carolina, ca. 4.7 air km southeast of Maple Hill, North Carolina. Three medium-sized shrubs (1.5 m in height) were found along the north side of NC 50 in a power line corridor adjacent to pine plantation and nonriverine swamp forest …


Noteworthy Collections — Kentucky: A Record of Cyrtomium fortunei J. Sm. in Kentucky with Comments on the Spread of this Exotic Species in the Southeastern United States

Author : Thomas Aaron Hulsey

Additional Authors : Albert J. Meier

Cyrtomium fortunei J.Sm. (DRYOPTERIDACEAE)— Hart County: UTM UPS 16S 0590378 4121842 at an elevation of approximately 174 meters, on Western Kentucky University’s Upper Green River Biological Preserve, growing along the Green River in colluvium at the base of a small (approximately 4–5 m), north-facing Mississippian limestone bluff from the St. Genevieve Formation, as well as …