West Virginia has one of the most irregular outlines of any State in the Union. Various “panhandles” and lobes extend its territory to distances relatively far removed from the main body of the State, which fact is significant in any consideration of the phytogeography, as carrying its territory into latitudes and longitudes remarkably distant from one another, in view of the comparatively small area (24,181 sq. mi.) of the entire State. It is variously regarded as one of the northern, southern, eastern or western states. Its northern “panhandle” extends into the latitude of Staten Island; to the south it extends 60 miles below the latitude of Richmond; its eastern “panhandle” extends 50 miles east of the longitude of Buffalo; and its westernmost tip is 40 miles farther west than Cleveland.