A Phytosociological Comparison of a Thirty-seven Year Old and a Mature Hardwood Stand


David M. Enterline

Additional Authors:

Irwin A. Ungar


June – 1971


Phytosociological, Hardwood, Stand

There has been much speculation concerning the species which constitute the climax vegetation of central Ohio. According to Braun (1964) the study area is within or on the edge of the Mixed Mesophytic Forest region. The Ohio Biological Survey Map (Gordon, 1966) and Kuchler (1965) shows it to be within the Beech-Maple forest. Gordon (1966, 1969) showed it to be within a Beech Forest complex and states that the Beech-Maple Association occurs in the dissected till plains region of Ohio. Laufersweiler’s (1955) study of the relative importance of dominant tree species in a Beech-Maple forest in central Ohio indicated that Fagus grandifolia was dominant. Cain (1935) reported that Acer saccharum (sugar maple) may be succeeding F. grandifolia (beech) in parts of Indiana and Michigan. In a detailed study of a Beech-Maple association in glaciated Cuyahoga County, Ohio, Williams (1936) stated that A. saccharum saplings were growing very favorably in competition with F. grandifolia. Other authors have stated that F. grandifolia is dominant over A. saccharum in areas south of Ohio (Brown, 1941).