A status survey of Frasera caroliniensis Walter was conducted in South Carolina during 1993-1995 to confirm population location and determine population size, habitat, and associated vascular plants. Seven populations were found within the piedmont physiological province and ranged in size from 20 plants to over 10,000 plants. Populations typically grow in a Mesic Mixed Hardwood forest near or along streams with slightly to moderately acidic sandy loam to loamy sand soil. The canopy vegetation always included Liquidambar styraciflua, Liriodendron tulipifera, and Carya glabra. Eight other canopy species were found to be important trees, at some of, but not all the locations.