Torilis japonica (Houtt.) DC. (APIACEAE)— Watauga County: Boone Greenway Trail, 36.207732uN, 281.65300uW, 954 meters elevation, small population growing at edge of paved trail with Pinus strobus L., Cornus florida L., Prunus serotina Ehrh., Ranunculus repens L., Daucus carota L. and Toxicodendron radicans (L.) Kuntze, 13 July 2009, M.W. Denslow, M.L. Denslow and G.L. Katz 2609 (BOON, duplicate to be distributed); Boone, along Faculty Street, 36.205949uN, 281.671988uW, 961 meters elevation, common along roadside bank with Pinus strobus, Acer rubrum L., Toxicodendron radicans, Rubus occidentalis L., Celastrus orbiculatus Thunb., Oenothera tetragona Roth, Impatiens capensis Meerb., Daucus carota, Eurybia divaricata (L.) Nesom, 9 August 2009, M.W. Denslow 2613 (BOON, duplicates to be distributed); ASU [Appalachian State University] Environmental Studies Area, 25 July 1999, M. Moore 39 (BOON).
Significance. These collections are the first records of this taxon from North Carolina. Torilis japonica is native to Europe and Asia where it occurs in a variety of habitats including disturbed areas (Flora of China Editorial Committee 2006). This taxon has been widely introduced into the northern United States and Canada, but appears less common in the southern United States (Ball in press).